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    Kazakhstan

    The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, commonly known as the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).

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    UN Member State Yes Geolocation Type Country HRC Link

    /en/hr-bodies/upr/kz-index

    Historical No ISO Code 3 KAZ ISO Code 2 KZ Related region

    Europe and Central Asia Region

    Short name Kazakhstan Synonyms

    Republic of Kazakhstan

    Disclaimer No

    UN Official Short Name

    Kazakhstan

    COMMITTEE AGAINST TORTURE TO HOLD TWENTY-SIXTH SESSION AT PALAIS WILSON FROM 30 APRIL TO 18 MAY 2001

    CAT 26th session 26 April 2001 BACKGROUND RELEASE

    Panel Scheduled to Consider Reports From Georgia, Greece,

    Bolivia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Brazil, Kazakhstan and Costa Rica

    The Committee against Torture will meet at the Palais Wilson in Geneva from 30 April to 18 May 2001 to review the measures adopted by Georgia, Greece, Bolivia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Brazil, Kazakhstan and Costa Rica to prevent and punish acts of torture. Representatives of the eight countries are expected to come before the Committee to defend their records in implementing the rights enshrined in the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.

    During the three-week meeting, the panel’s 10 independent Experts will also study, in closed session, information appearing to contain well-founded indications that torture is being systematically practised in a State party. In addition, they will examine communications from individuals claiming to be victims of a violation by a State party of the provisions of the treaty. The large number of overdue reports from State parties on how they are applying the Convention will be another subject of discussion.

    At its last session, the Committee decided to discuss the situation in the occupied Palestinian territory in the light of article 16 of the Convention at its present session. Article 16 states that each State party shall undertake to prevent in any territory under its jurisdiction other acts of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment which do not amount to torture when such acts are committed by or at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity.

    There are 123 State parties to the Convention, which requires signatories to outlaw torture and explicitly prohibits the use of “higher orders” or “exceptional circumstances” as excuses for acts of torture. The Committee was established in 1987 to monitor compliance with the Convention and to assist State parties in implementing its provisions.

    Committee’s concluding observations on the last reports submitted by Georgia, Greece and the Czech Republic

    Concerning the initial report of Georgia which was considered in November 1996, the Committee noted with satisfaction the policy of the Government aimed at instituting structural reforms to reflect the provisions of the Convention. The Committee also considered important the willingness of the representatives of Georgia to acknowledge that, despite the reforms referred to above, torture and ill-treatment occurred in places of detention and elsewhere. The Committee expressed concern about the volume of complaints of torture, particularly related to the extraction of confessions, and the failure to investigate claims of torture promptly and to prosecute alleged offenders. It recommended that incommunicado detention be abolished and that rigorous educational programmes for the police, prison officers, doctors, prosecutors and judges be implemented to ensure that each group understood its constitutional role and its obligations under the Convention.

    Following its consideration of second periodic report of Greece in April 1994, the Committee felt that Greece had a very advanced legislative and administrative scheme for the implementation of human rights values contained in the international instruments. The Committee was concerned at the practice of severe ill-treatment which seemed to be an ongoing problem occurring in some police stations. It recommended that the advanced legislation in Greece for preventing the ill-treatment of accused persons be fully applied in practice. It also recommended that more attention be given to adequate training on the prohibition of torture to medical personnel.

    When the Committee took up the initial report of the Czech Republic in November 1994, it expressed its pleasure that the Czech Republic had adopted a definition of torture which was close to that in the Convention and had taken the steps necessary to ensure that it was a crime in that country. The Committee said that even though the Czech Republic had not declared in favour of articles 21 and 22 and maintained its reservation on article 20 of the Convention, the Czech delegation had explained that this was due to the weight of business in the legislative and executive fields and in no way reflected a lack of political will to remedy the situation. The Committee was confident that the Czech Republic would move to reform its situation in this regard and looked forward to its second periodic report.

    Provisional Timetable for Consideration of Reports

    In ratifying or acceding to the Convention, States are obliged to submit reports on the measures they have taken to implement its provisions. States are invited to send representatives to attend the meetings during which their reports are considered. For this session, the Committee has drawn up the following provisional timetable for the consideration of reports:

    fuente : www.ohchr.org

    Chechens Involved In Group Sex Video That Went Viral Have Been Killed, Says Police Source

    Three Chechens who were filmed taking part in group sex early this year have been killed, a local police source told Caucasus.Realities.

    News

    June 04, 2022

    By Caucasus.Realities

    Chechens Involved In Group Sex Video That Went Viral Have Been Killed, Says Police Source

    Under the leadership of strongman Ramzan Kadyrov, Chechnya has persecuted sexual minorities, sparking international outrage.

    Three Chechens who were filmed taking part in group sex early this year have been killed, a local police source told Caucasus.Realities.

    The video featuring two men and two women went viral and allegedly angered the leadership of Russia's tightly controlled, predominantly Muslim, republic of Chechnya.

    All four participants were arrested at the request of the government, but one woman -- who was not Chechen -- was eventually let go.

    The other three were buried two weeks ago in another town, the local police source said on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to speak. The officer said they were killed but did not know the exact cause of death.

    The local government has declined to comment.

    Under the leadership of strongman Ramzan Kadyrov, Chechnya has persecuted sexual minorities, sparking international outrage.

    Chechen police have not only tortured members of the gay community, demanding they identify other LGBT people, but have killed several of them, according to human rights groups.

    All Of The Latest News

    September 20, 2022

    By RFE/RL's Radio Farda

    Iranian Medical Official Says Amini's Death Caused By Head Injury, Rejects Official Version

    Tehran University students protest against the killing of Mahsa Amini on September 19.

    The top medical official in the southern province of Hormozgan has rejected some Iranian officials' claims that Mahsa Amini, a young woman who died after apparently being beaten by morality police, suffered a heart attack, saying the most likely cause of her death was a blow to the head.

    Amini , 22, died on September 16, a few days after being taken into police custody in the city of Saqez, in Iran's Kurdistan Province, for allegedly breaking the country's hijab rules.

    Eyewitnesses told journalists that Amini, who fell into a coma after being admitted to a hospital, appeared to have been beaten inside the morality police van while being taken to the detention center.

    Iranian officials have rejected the accusations, with Interior Minister Ahmad Vahidi claiming that Amini had a previous illness and that the morality police "basically do not have the tools to beat the detainees."

    Dr. Hossein Karampour, in a letter on September 18, to Mohammad Raeiszadeh, the president of the Iranian Medical Council, urged the organization to fulfill its duties over Amini's death.

    Referring to the published pictures of Mahsa Amini in the hospital, which shows her bleeding from the ear and bruises under her eyes, Karampour wrote that these symptoms "do not match the reasons given by some authorities who declared the cause to be a heart attack," but rather "it is consistent with the symptoms associated with a head injury and the resulting bleeding."

    Karampour asked the president of the Iranian Medical Council to "act honestly and courageously to clarify and reveal the truth" and stand by the people.

    According to reports published on social networks, Amini had traveled from the western province of Kurdistan to Tehran to meet relatives when she was arrested by morality police on September 13.

    Amjad Amini, Mahsa's father, said in an interview with Emtedad news website that based on the calls of many girls who were detained with his daughter that day, he is sure that "she was beaten."

    Several other doctors, seeing the pictures of Amini in the hospital, have pointed out on social media that the cause of the bleeding from her ear could be a blow to the head.

    Her death has sparked street protests in Iran and strong international reactions. At least four people have been reported killed in Iran during protests over Amini's death.

    SEE ALSO:

    Four Dead In Iran During Protests Over Woman’s Death In Morality-Police Custody

    On Twitter, Secretary of State Antony Blinken called on Tehran to "end its systemic persecution of women and to allow peaceful protest," adding that the United States mourned Mahsa Amini along with the Iranian people.

    Written by Ardeshir Tayebi based on an original story in Persian by RFE/RL's Radio Farda

    September 20, 2022

    By RFE/RL's Armenian Service RFE/RL's Azerbaijani Service

    U.S. Seeks End To Hostilities In Meeting With Armenian, Azerbaijani Foreign Ministers

    Azerbaijani Foreign Minister Ceyhun Bayramov (left) shakes hands with U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken (right) as Armenian Foreign Minister Ararat Mirzoyan (center) looks on in New York on September 19.

    fuente : www.rferl.org

    Islamist group threatens Kazakhstan over religion law

    * Kazakh leader says law to thwart radicalism, boost stability

    COMMODITIES NEWS

    OCTOBER 26, 20118:03 AMUPDATED 11 YEARS AGO

    Islamist group threatens Kazakhstan over religion law

    By Reuters Staff

    * Kazakh leader says law to thwart radicalism, boost stability

    * Hitherto unknown Islamist group says law must be repealed

    * New law criticised by top Kazakh Muslim cleric

    ALMATY, Oct 26 (Reuters) - A previously unknown Islamist group has threatened ex-Soviet Kazakhstan with violence unless it abolishes a new law that bans prayer rooms in state buildings in the mainly Muslim Central Asian nation, a U.S.-based online monitoring service said.

    President Nursultan Nazarbayev, who has run oil-rich Kazakhstan for 20 years, this month signed a new religion law which bans prayer rooms in state buildings and requires all missionaries to register with authorities every year.

    The veteran leader and other senior Kazakh officials say the new law is aimed at stamping out Islamist militancy but it has been criticised by Kazakhstan’s top Muslim cleric and the West.

    U.S.-based intelligence monitoring group SITE said a group calling itself Jund al-Khilafah (Soldiers of the Caliphate) had issued an Arabic-subtitled video, dated Oct. 21. There was no independent confirmation of the authenticity of the video.

    In the video four masked fighters with submachine guns and a grenade launcher are seen standing behind a fighter reading a speech in which he demands the Kazakh government abolish the law. He said the law bans prayers in state institutions and the wearing of headscarves.

    The new Kazakh law on religious activity actually makes no mention of wearing headscarves.

    “In the event you insist on your position then we will be forced to make a move against you,” said the fighter, whose face is also masked by a scarf.

    “Know that the policy that you are following is the same that was applied in Tunisia, Libya and Egypt; however, as you have seen, it only caused loss to those who exercised it,” he said in a reference to a string of “Arab Spring” revolutions that toppled long-serving dictators.

    The threat from the hitherto unheard-of radical group appeared to be the first direct threat to Kazakh authorities after the adoption of the much-discussed law.

    Nazarbayev, 71, has ruled Kazakhstan as a secular state since independence in 1991. Until this year, the country, whose 16.5 million population is 70 percent Muslim, had avoided the Islamist violence seen in other Central Asian states.

    But a suicide bombing in May and the arrest in August of a group accused of a terrorist plot have raised concerns about growing militancy.

    Nazarbayev said he believed the new law, signed on Oct. 13, would strengthen society’s religious tolerance.

    “Peace and harmony in our multi-ethnic home are Kazakhstan’s most valuable patrimony,” he said at the time.

    But the law has caused heated debate. Kazakhstan’s Supreme Mufti, Absattar Derbisali, has said the ban on prayer rooms in state buildings could anger pious Muslims and spur extremism.

    Rights groups in the West and the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) have also raised concerns that the law could restrict religious freedom.

    Among other measures to fight Islamist militancy, Kazakhstan has blocked access to scores of foreign Internet sites that it says propagate violence and incite religious hatred. (Reporting by Dmitry Solovyov, Editing by Belinda Goldsmith)

    Our Standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.

    fuente : www.reuters.com

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